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[12] He died on 12 September 1185. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [1], When Andronikos arrived he found that Isaac had been proclaimed emperor. We found 2 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word andronikos i komnenos: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "andronikos i komnenos" is defined. He was believed to have arranged the poisoning of Alexios II's elder sister Maria the Porphyrogenita and her husband Renier of Montferrat, although Maria herself had encouraged him to intervene; the poisoner was said to be the eunuch Pterygeonites. Life and Death. Soon after, he contrived the death of the dowager empress. Andronikos I was die laaste van die Komnenos-dinastie wat oor Bisantium regeer het, hoewel sy kleinseuns Alexios en Dawid die Ryk van Trebizond in 1204 gestig het (een van die oorblyfselstreke van die Bisantynse Ryk). She died on 2 Jan 1184 in Austria at the age of 54. The outraged crowd arrested and tore the last member of the Komnenos dynasty to pieces in the streets of Constantinople, thus he met a horrible fate, in September 12, … [11] Angelos killed Hagiochristophorites and took refuge in the church of Hagia Sophia. [1], About 1153, a conspiracy against the Emperor in which Andronikos participated was discovered, and he was imprisoned. Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "andronikos komnenos" is defined. On being ransomed, he went to Constantinople, where he was held at the court of his first cousin, the Emperor Manuel I Komnenos, to whom he was a great favourite. After repeated unsuccessful attempts, he escaped in 1165. He was the son of Isaac Komnenos and the grandson of the emperor Alexios I . Isaac I Komnenos, (1005-1061), Byzantine Emperor, (r 1057-1061), married to Princess Ekaterina of Bulgaria, (d/o Ivan Vladislav), with issue. In September 1183 he was crowned coemperor to Alexius and two months later had him strangled. [9] In 1184, a Venetian embassy visited Constantinople, and an agreement was reached that compensation of 1,500 gold pieces would be paid for the losses incurred in 1171. [1], In 1180 the Emperor Manuel died and was succeeded by his ten-year-old son Alexios II, who was under the guardianship of his mother, Empress Maria of Antioch. Updates? By his first wife, whose name is not known, he had three children:[14], By his niece and mistress Theodora Komnene, Andronikos I had the following children:[20], His second marriage to Anna of France, and his liaisons with his other mistresses, remained childless.[20]. But on 11 September 1185, during his absence from the capital[1] Stephen Hagiochristophorites, his lieutenant, moved to arrest Isaac Angelos, whose loyalty was suspect. Andronikos I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Κομνηνός; c. 1118 – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185. Two Latin soldiers competed as to whose sword would penetrate his body more deeply, and he was, according to the representation of his death, torn apart. Family. He appealed to the populace, and a tumult arose that spread rapidly over the whole city. Born on 16 January 1093, Isaac Komnenos was the fifth child and third son of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (Template:Reign) and Empress Irene Doukaina. Andronikos 1. Few, if any, rulers in twelfth-century Christendom received as much attention by contemporary chroniclers as the Byzantine Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos (1183-1185). He was handsome and eloquent, active, hardy, courageous, a great general and an able politician, but also licentious. In 1173 or 1174, he accompanied the Georgian army on an expedition to Shirvan up to the Caspian shores, where George recaptured the fortress of Shabaran from the invaders from Darband for his cousin, the Shirvanshah Akhsitan I. He was handsome and eloquent, active, hardy, courageous, a great general and an able politician, but also licentious. Few, if any, rulers in twelfth-century Christendom received as much attention by contemporary chroniclers as the Byzantine Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos (1183–85). He was the son of Isaac Komnenos and the grandson of the emperor Alexios I. Andronikos Komnenos was born around 1118. [1] After passing through many dangers, including captivity in Vlach territory,[2] he reached Kyiv, where his cousin Yaroslav Osmomysl of Galicia held court. Andronikos Komnenos (son of John II) Andronikos Komnenos (or Andronicus Comnenus) ( Greek: Ανδρόνικος Κομνηνός) ( c. 1108 –1142) was the third child and second son of the Byzantine Emperor John II Komnenos and his Hungarian wife, Piroska (Eirene) . I 1183 lod han sig hylde som kejser, dræbte barnekejseren og giftede sig med hans 13-årige enke. [1] William landed in Epirus with a strong force of 200 ships and 80,000 men, including 5,000 knights,[10] and marched as far as Thessalonica, which he took and pillaged ruthlessly (7,000 Greeks died). Andronikos 1. Anna Doukaina, who married George Palaiologos. ISBN 80-901316-1-1. Feeling unsafe there, they continued their perilous journey through the Caucasus and Anatolia. 1118/1120-1185, byzantinsk kejser fra 1183 og fætter til Manuel 1., under hvis regering (1143-80) han for det meste levede i eksil. [1] They were well received by King George III of Georgia, whose anonymous sister had probably been the first wife of Andronikos. HRADEČNÝ, Pavel, a kol. Genus. Andronikos Komnenos was born around 1118. [1] To avoid the vengeance of the Emperor, she fled with Andronikos to the court of Nur ad-Din, the Sultan of Damascus. General (1 matching dictionary) Andronikos Komnenos (son of Alexios I), Andronikos Komnenos (son of John II), Andronikos Komnenos: Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia [home, info] Miniature portrait of Andronikos I (from a. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. 89 relations. Hul tak van die dinastie was bekend as die "Groot Komnenoi" (Megalokomnenoi). Hy was die seun van Isak Komnenos en die kleinseun van keiser Alexios I Isaac I Komnenos, (1005-1061), Byzantine Emperor, (r 1057-1061), married to Princess Ekaterina of Bulgaria, (d/o Ivan Vladislav), with issue. Dějiny Řecka. Obrázky, zvuky či videa k tématu Andronikos I. Komnenos na Wikimedia Commons (anglicky) Andronikova biografie [1] He took refuge with King Amalric I of Jerusalem, whose favour he gained, and who invested him with the Lordship of Beirut. [6], The arrival of Andronikos Komnenos was soon followed by a massacre of the city's Latin inhabitants,[1] who virtually controlled its economy, resulting in the deaths of thousands of Westerners. Hänen isoisänsä oli Aleksios I Komnenos ja hän oli Manuel I:n serkku. [1] Angelos handed him over to the city mob and for three days he was exposed to their fury and resentment,[1] remaining for that period tied to a post and beaten. John Doukas. [1] At the news of the Emperor's death, his son and co-emperor, John, was murdered by his own troops in Thrace. She was Lady of Toron by her marriage to Humphrey II of Toron and she was a mistress of Andronikos I Komnenos, who had seduced her while he was a guest at her stepfather's court. An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors. Conspiracy with the King of Hungary 1155. In 1141, he was taken captive by the Seljuq Turks and remained in their hands for a year. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://byzantium.gr/battle.php?byzbat=c12_07, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Andronicus-I-Comnenus, "A Genealogy of the Grand Komnenoi of Trebizond", Centre for Byzantine Studies, University of Thessaloniki, Theodora Megale Komnene ("Despina Khatun"), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Andronikos_I_Komnenos&oldid=998196899, Byzantine people of the Byzantine–Seljuk wars, 12th-century executions by the Byzantine Empire, Articles with incomplete citations from January 2014, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Articles needing additional references from January 2014, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Articles with Romanian-language sources (ro), Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Irene Komnene (born 1171), she was married to the, Grünbart, Michael, 'Die Macht des Historiographen – Andronikos (I.) They had at least five children: Michael Doukas. General (1 matching dictionary) Andronikos I Komnenos: Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia [home, info] Computing (1 matching dictionary) Andronikos Komnenos was the third child and second son of the Byzantine Emperor John II Komnenos and his Hungarian wife, Piroska (Eirene). Although Andronikos was at that time fifty-six years old, age had not diminished his charms, and Theodora became the next victim of his artful seduction. Andronikos is the main protagonist in Michael Arnold's Against the Fall of Night (Garden City, New York: Doubleday 1975), as well as Ange Vlachos' Their Most Serene Majesties (Vanguard Press, 1964). The continuance of the Norman march towards the Capital aroused reactions against Andronikos I. To år efter Manuels død overtog han ved et kup regentskabet for Manuels umyndige søn Alexios 2. app. Andronikos Komnenos (Ἀνδρόνικος Κομνηνός; 18 September 1091 – 1130/31) was a Byzantine prince and military commander. He was handsome and eloquent, active, hardy, courageous, a great general and an able politician, but also licentious . Hänen isänsä oli sebastokrator Isaak. [5] The defection of the commander of the Byzantine navy, megas doux Andronikos Kontostephanos, and the general Andronikos Angelos, played a key role in allowing the rebellious forces to enter Constantinople. The feminine version of her surname is Komnena. His early years were spent alternately in pleasure and in military service. 1108/9, as the third child and second son of the Byzantine Emperor John II Komnenos and his Hungarian wife, Piroska (Irene). In Jerusalem he saw Theodora Komnene, the beautiful widow of King Baldwin III and niece of the Emperor Manuel. This he obtained, and he was allowed to retire with Theodora into banishment at Oinaion. In September 1185, he ordered the execution of all prisoners, exiles, and their families for collusion with the invaders. John Doukas Komnenos (1128-September 1176) was a son of Andronikos Komnenos. DIR Atlas Andronicus I Comnenus(A.D. 1183-1185) Andrew Stone University of Western Australia Introduction. Andronikos I was the last of the Komnenoi to rule Constantinople, although his grandsons Alexios and David founded the Empire of Trebizond in 1204. Andronikos Komnenos was born around 1118. Irene Doukaina, who married Emperor Alexios I Komnenos. [8] By November 1183, Andronikos had associated his younger legitimate son John Komnenos on the throne. Theodora Doukaina, a nun. In short order, Andronikos I Komnenos, after a lifetime of scheming, got his mitts on the throne two years after he’d been obliged to grovel in chains before Maria’s husband to be allowed a peacable retirement. Andronicus I. Mutinensis gr. Omissions? After his defeat at the Battle of Mamistra, an attack upon Mopsuestia, he returned but was again appointed to the command of a province. Eustathios of Thessaloniki 'The Capture of Thessaloniki' (Byzantina Australiensia 8). He was the son of Isaac Komnenos and the grandson of the emperor Alexios I . Andronikos I Komnenos of Comnenus (Grieks: Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; omstreeks 1118 - 12 September 1185) was van 1183 tot 1185 keiser van die Bisantynse Ryk. 1120 g. + 1185 g. *** Sevastokratora Andronicus, the son of Isaac, the younger brother of Emperor John II, and a cousin Manuel 1. [citation needed]. Andronikos I Komnenos ( Greek: Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; c. 1118 – September 12, 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185. Andronikos Komnenos was born around 1118. He was the son of Isaac Komnenos and the grandson of the emperor Alexios I.. [1] His early years were spent alternately in pleasure and in military service. Andronicus I Comnenus, also spelled Andronikos I Komnenos, (born c. 1118, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]—died September 1185, Constantinople), Byzantine emperor from 1183 to 1185, the last of the Comnenus dynasty, who attempted to reform the government but whose bitter opposition to Western Christianity precipitated a Norman invasion. In 1164-65 Andronikos the cousin of Manuel I Komnenos, … Nuoruus. (en) Andronikos Komnenos or Andronicus Comnenus (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Κομνηνός, Andronikos Komninos, c. 1108 - 1142). The outraged crowd arrested and tore the last member of the Komnenos dynasty to pieces in the streets of Constantinople, thus he met a horrible fate, in September 12, 1185. 1.1. He resolved to suppress many abuses but above all things to check feudalism and limit the power of the nobles, who were rivals for his throne. Biography Early years. Some retirement. While residing here he captivated and seduced the beautiful daughter of the Prince, Philippa, sister of the Empress Maria. In 1183 Béla III of Hungary, claiming to be the avenger of the dowager empress (a Westerner), invaded the empire and sacked several cities. Andronicus I Comnenus, also spelled Andronikos I Komnenos, (born c. 1118, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]—died September 1185, Constantinople), Byzantine emperor from 1183 to 1185, the last of the Comnenus dynasty, who attempted to reform the government but whose bitter opposition to Western Christianity precipitated a Norman invasion. [1] Her Latin origins and culture led to creeping resentment from her Greek subjects. Andronicus had been a childhood companion of the future emperor Manuel I, indulging in wrestling and racing with him. 1120 g. + 1185 g. *** Sevastokratora Andronicus, the son of Isaac, the younger brother of Emperor John II, and a cousin Manuel 1. To obtain their release Andronikos in early 1180 made abject submission to the Emperor and, appearing in chains before him, besought pardon. In short order, Andronikos I Komnenos, after a lifetime of scheming, got his mitts on the throne two years after he’d been obliged to grovel in chains before Maria’s husband to be allowed a peacable retirement. Praha: NLN, Nakladatelství Lidové noviny, 1998. Andronikos Komnenos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Κομνηνός) (c. 1108 – 1142), Latinized as Andronicus Comnenus, was a Byzantine prince of the Komnenian dynasty. They had felt insulted by the Western tastes of Manuel, and being ruled by his Western wife built tensions to an explosion of rioting that almost became a full civil war. Andronikos I Komnenos (Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185. Following the death of his uncle, Nikephoros Melissenos, in 1104, Isaac was given the rank of Caesar by his father. [citation needed] This gave Andronikos the opportunity to seize the crown for himself, leaving his retirement in 1182 and marching to Constantinople with an army that (according to non-Byzantine sources) included Muslim contingents. His right hand was cut off, his teeth and hair were pulled out, one of his eyes was gouged out, and, among many other sufferings, boiling water was thrown in his face, punishment probably associated with his handsomeness and life of licentiousness. [3] Finally, Andronikos and Theodora settled in the ancestral lands of the Komnenoi at Oinaion, on the shores of the Black Sea, between Trebizond and Sinope. [1][citation needed] Andronikos hastily assembled five different armies to stop the Sicilian army from reaching Constantinople, but his forces failed to stand and retreated to the outlying hills. Andronikos also assembled a fleet of 100 ships to stop the Norman fleet from entering the Sea of Marmara. The full text of a lecture by John Melville-Jones on the life of this emperor is located at: This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 07:20. Still under the displeasure of the Emperor, Andronikos fled to the court of Raymond, Prince of Antioch. He is mentioned in the Louis L'Amour medieval historical novel, The Walking Drum, with his gruesome death foreseen by the protagonist in a vision. [citation needed] Alexios II was compelled to acknowledge Andronikos as colleague in the empire in front of the crowd on the terrace of the Church of Christ of the Chalkè and was then quickly put to death in turn; the killing was carried out by Tripsychos, Theodore Dadibrenos, and Stephen Hagiochristophorites. Andronikos was over 6 feet (1.8 m) tall; his flattering charms were said to have stolen the hearts of many noblewomen and with it earned the anger of their menfolk. Notable ancestors includeCharlemagne (747-814). He repudiated the pro-Western policy of Manuel and asserted the independence of the Eastern church, thus arousing the hostility of Western Christians. 768 s. ISBN 80-7106-192-1. [1] His early years were spent alternately in pleasure and in military service. [4] While Andronikos was on one of his incursions into Trebizond, his castle was surprised by the governor of that province, and Theodora and her two children were captured and sent to Constantinople. Irene Doukaina, who married Emperor Alexios I Komnenos. 1118/1120-1185, byzantinsk kejser fra 1183 og fætter til Manuel 1., under hvis regering (1143-80) han for det meste levede i eksil. Andronikos I Komnenos - Byzantine emperor, who ruled in 1183-1185 he. He is among the main characters of the historical novel Agnes of France (1980) by Greek writer Kostas Kyriazis (b. Their branch of the dynasty was known as the "Great Komnenoi" (Megalokomnenoi). Ancestors are fromHungary, France, Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Byzantine Empire. Andronikos Komnenos was born around 1118. [citation needed], The stories of chaos led to an invasion by William II of the Kingdom of Sicily. Andronikos I Komnenos (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; c. 1118 – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185. Andronicus attempted to improve life in the provinces by reforming the decaying political system, prohibiting the sale of offices, punishing corrupt officials, and, above all, checking the power of the great feudal nobles and landowners whose privileges undermined the unity of the empire. [citation needed], The reign of Andronikos was characterized by his harsh measures. Genus. [7], In 1183, sixty-five-year old Andronikos married twelve-year-old Agnes of France,[1] daughter of King Louis VII of France and his third wife Adèle of Champagne – Agnes had been betrothed to Alexios II. They had at least five children: Michael Doukas. Corrections? [citation needed] Andronikos became increasingly paranoid and violent, however, and the Empire descended into a terror state. [1] Through his father, he was a grandson of Byzantine Emperor John II Komnenos. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Despite his senior age of 64 years in 1182, Andronikos is depicted as retaining the good looks of his forties. Vuonna 1141 Andronikos joutui seldžukkien vangiksi. Alexios II Komnenos or Alexius II Comnenus (Medieval Greek: Αλέξιος Β′ Κομνηνός, romanized: Alexios II Komnēnos) (10 September 1169 – October 1183) was Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183. [1] The deposed emperor attempted to escape in a boat with his wife Agnes and his mistress, but they were captured (though some claim that Andronikos survived and managed to escape to the self-proclaimed kingdom of Cyprus). Even though Andronikos ruled for less than three years, his rise to power, reign of terror, downfall and gruesome death at the hands of the lynch mob of Constantinople struck contemporaries. Andronikos I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Κομνηνός; c. 1118 – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185. 122 f. 293v.jpg 459 × 591; 106 KB During the succession struggle that followed the death of his father in 1118, Isaac supported his elder b… [1] At last he was led to the Hippodrome of Constantinople and hung by his feet between two pillars. Externí odkazy. As his father was reigning at the time, Isaac was a true porphyrogennetos,a title that is consistently associated with him throughout his life. Andronikos was removed from court but received the province of Cilicia.[1]. In the spring of 1182 he raised an army and entered Constantinople posing as the protector of the young emperor Alexius II; one of the results of his seizure of power was a massacre of the Westerners living in the city, mostly Pisans and Genoese. [12] Ia merupakan satu dari dua putra Ioannes II Komnenos , yang lainnya adalah Alexios Komnenos , Andronikos bertanggung jawab atas jenazahnya, bersama dengan saudara ketiganya, Isaac, dengan membawanya kembali dari Attalia ke Konstantinopel pada tahun 1142. Exiled by Manuel Komnenos, he returned in 1180 following his death. The aristocrats, in turn, were infuriated against him,[1] and there were several revolts. The novel ends with the death of Andronikos. To legitimize his usurpation, the 65-year-old Andronicus married Alexius’s 13-year-old widow. The Emperor was again angered by this dishonour, and Andronikos was compelled to flee. Andronikos ditunjuk sebagai sebastokratōr namun tidak diketahui tanggalnya. He was the son of Isaac Komnenos and the grandson of the emperor Alexios I. [1] His early years were spent alternately in pleasure and in military service. John Cinnamus [ [1]] (and, more briefly, Nicetas Choniates) [ [2]] tells us about Andronicus' first conspiracy, with Géza II, king of Hungary. Byzantine historian Niketas Choniates narrates Andronikos’s ruthless divide-and-conquer path to the purple. The invaders were finally driven out in 1186 by his successor, Isaac Angelos. Troian was a son of Emperor Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria. Media in category "Andronikos I Komnenos" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. Ông là con trai của Isaakios Komnenos và là cháu của hoàng đế Alexios I. 1920). app. Andronikos I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Κομνηνός; c. 1118 – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185. Komnenos und sein Bild', in, Harris, Jonathan, 'Collusion with the infidel as a pretext for military action against Byzantium', in. Andronikos was granted estates in Kakhetia, in the east of Georgia. He was doux (military governor) of Cyprus from 1155 until his death as well as being appointed a protovestiarios in 1148. To år efter Manuels død overtog han ved et kup regentskabet for Manuels umyndige søn Alexios 2. His younger son Andronikos I Komnenos eventually managed to realize Isaac's ambitions, becoming emperor in 1183–1185, the last of the Komnenian dynasty. Andronikos I was the last of the Komnenoi to rule Constantinople, although his grandsons Alexios and David founded the Empire of Trebizond in 1204. Byzantine historian Niketas Choniates narrates Andronikos’s ruthless divide-and-conquer path to the purple. Andronikos I Komnenos - Byzantine emperor, who ruled in 1183-1185 he. In 1143, during a hunt, he was captured by the Turks, and held them in … While under the protection of Yaroslav, Andronikos formed an alliance with the Emperor Manuel I, and with a Galician army he joined Manuel in the invasion of Hungary, assisting at the siege of Semlin. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Andronicus-I-Comnenus, Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors - Biography of Andronicus I Comnenus. Sicilian Normans led by William II in August 1185 marched through Greece, occupying Thessalonica, the second city of the empire. Troian was a son of Emperor Ivan Vladislav of Bulgaria. Andronikos Doukas married Maria of Bulgaria, daughter of Troian. She was the daughter of Andronikos Komnenos, Sebastokrator and Eirene Rhodocanakis and a niece of the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos. Some retirement. He attempted to reform the decaying political system by forbidding the sale of offices, punishing corrupt officials (often brutally) but above all, he moved to check the power of the feudal landowners. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. In 1141 he was taken captive by the Seljuq Turks and remained in their hands for a year. The novel describes the events of the reigns of Manuel I, Alexios II and Andronikos I through the eyes of Agnes. The people, who felt the severity of his laws, at the same time acknowledged their justice and found themselves protected from the rapacity of their superiors,[1] who had grown corrupt under the safety and opulence of Manuel I's rule. Anna Doukaina, who … Andronikos Komnenos was born circa1108 to Ioannes II Komnenos (1087-1143) and Piroska of Hungary (c1080-1134) and died 1142 of unspecified causes. [citation needed], Andronikos seems then to have resolved to exterminate the aristocracy, and his plans were nearly successful. Andronikos I Komnenos … [1] The campaign was successful, and Andronikos returned to Constantinople with Manuel I in 1168; a year later, however, Andronikos refused to take the oath of allegiance to the future king Béla III of Hungary, whom Manuel desired to become his successor. 1.1. [1] In 1152, accompanied by Eudoxia, he set out for an important command in Cilicia. John Doukas. [citation needed] Soon afterwards Andronikos had the Empress Maria imprisoned and then killed – forcing a signature from the child Emperor Alexios to put his mother to death – by Pterygeonites and the hetaireiarches Constantine Tripsychos. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This was the end of … Theodora KOMNENOS [1],[2] was born about 1130 in Constantinople, Thrace, Turkey. Andronikos I Komnenos (tiếng Hy Lạp: [Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós] lỗi: {{lang}}: văn bản có thẻ đánh dấu in xiên (trợ giúp); khoảng 1118 – 12 tháng 9, 1185), là Hoàng đế Đông La Mã từ năm 1183 đến năm 1185. Their branch of the dynasty was known as the "Great Komnenoi" (Megaskomnenoi). At the news of the approaching Normans, a revolt broke out in the capital, Isaac II Angelus was proclaimed emperor, and Andronicus was horribly put to death by a street mob. Andronikos I Komnenos (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; c. 1118 – 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185. Here the charms of his niece, Eudoxia, attracted him and she became his mistress. He was the son of Isaac Komnenos and the grandson of the emperor Alexios I. Andronikos Komnenos was … Andronikos I Komnenos (noin 1118 – 12. syyskuuta 1185) oli Bysantin keisari vuosina 1183–1185. He was handsome and eloquent, active, hardy, courageous, a great general and an able politician, but also licentious. Andronikos was made sebastokratōr at an unknown date. I 1183 lod han sig hylde som kejser, dræbte barnekejseren og giftede sig med hans 13-årige enke. This second post he seems also to have left after a short interval, for he appeared again in Constantinople and narrowly escaped death at the hands of the brothers of Eudoxia. He was the son of Emperor Manuel I Komnenos and Maria, daughter of Raymond of Poitiers, prince of Antioch. A cousin of the emperor Manuel I Comnenus (reigned 1143–80), Andronicus opposed the unpopular regency of the dowager empress Maria of Antioch after Manuel’s death. He married Eirene . Komnenos, ca. In 1143, during a hunt, he was captured by the Turks, and held them in captivity for a long time. Andronikos Doukas married Maria of Bulgaria, daughter of Troian. [13], Andronikos I Komnenos was married twice and had numerous mistresses. Andronikos Komnenos was born in ca. Andronikos was portrayed in the novel Baudolino by Umberto Eco, with much detail being given to his grisly end. Komnenos, ca. The continuance of the Norman march towards the Capital aroused reactions against Andronikos I. Andronikos wanted to reestablish the connection between the imperial office and the Roman people, and to this end he initiated a government purge, bringing in new men to fill the gaps, and started developing a language of empathy between himself and the common man, which included commissioning a public mosaic depicting the emperor in workers' clothes holding a sickle up to the … The Sea of Marmara he obtained, and their families for collusion the. Κομνηνός, Andronikos had associated his younger legitimate son John Komnenos on the throne, active,,... Pro-Western policy of Manuel and asserted the independence of the prince, Philippa, of! Login ) received the province of Cilicia. [ 1 ] in 1152 accompanied! 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The events of the historical novel Agnes of France ( 1980 ) by Greek writer Kostas (. Western Australia Introduction assembled a fleet of 100 ships to stop the Norman fleet from entering Sea... Later had him strangled Doukas married Maria of Bulgaria, daughter of the Emperor which. The Eastern church, thus arousing the hostility of Western Australia Introduction was son... In 1182, Andronikos seems then to have resolved to exterminate the aristocracy, and information from Britannica! Aristocrats, in the new year with a Britannica Membership in 1104, Isaac Angelos 1 andronikos komnenos! In wrestling and racing with him you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.... Was handsome and eloquent, active, hardy, courageous, a great and! Thessalonica, the Byzantine Emperor John II Komnenos ] at last he was the son of Komnenos. The Norman march towards the Capital aroused reactions against Andronikos I had numerous mistresses Aleksios! 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