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Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a type of law that prohibits or restricts particular breeds or types of dog. It's a dog's life!]. Professor Cooper explains, "All the scientific evidence and peer reviewed research, as well as factual cases (look at Mike Vick’s dogs!) One of the unfortunate results of breed stereotypes, misinformation, and irresponsible ownership is breed-specific legislation, also known as breed discriminatory bans.For canine regulation, it is important to understand the differences between the two major forms of regulation - breed-specific legislation (BSL) and breed-neutral legislation (BNL). The person is a responsible dog owner, yet fearful her dogs may be classed as type they find they are in a difficult position for training and socialisation. Does political fear for being known as the government who overturned BSL stop change? It focuses on specific breeds, which fails to appreciate a dog is not aggressive purely on the basis of its breed. Studies have proven that breed specific legislation is not an effective measure in preventing dog attacks. "Most importantly, anyone that is worried about their dog should also seek to fully understand the law, research solicitors and have a trusted number to hand, as well as following Born Innocent so they can support campaigns and raise awareness. It allows seizure of other breeds, but the rules are not applied homogeneously by councils. Watch our video to find out how!]. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws, as has the State of Ohio. ", [Above: don't despair if your dog needs to wear a muzzle. A company limited by guarantee. Up until 1997, being born to look like one of these types signalled an automatic death sentence for these dogs – even if they had never shown any aggressive behaviour. Despite suffering unimaginable cruelty in his past, Archie has a wonderful temperament, is well trained, and has a devoted and responsible owner who loves him and makes sure he is a well-adjusted member of society – just as she does with her other three dogs, none of whom are illegal types. Denver Voters Overwhelmingly Pass Ballot Measure to Lift City's 30-Year-Old Pit Bull Ban ... Herdon argued that breed-specific legislation is ineffective and often targets communities of color. “But I once had a guy shout at me in a train station, ‘You shouldn’t have that type of dog, they’re dangerous’, which was quite intimidating.”. against breed-specific legislation [40–42], in part due to the growing evidence that suggests that breed ban legislation has negative implications for dog welfare [15,43,44]. Read More. Nearly as many dogs - not banned breeds - were seized under section 3 of the Dangerous Dogs Act as under section 1 last year for being dangerously out of control, highlighting how important it is for government to change the legislative focus from what a dog looks like to dealing with irresponsible owners of any breed of dog to keep our communities safe.”. Breed Specific Legislation fails to achieve what Parliament intended, to protect the public. Jul 24, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Debby Morris. They are allowed to return home under certain conditions, including that they are neutered, kept on a lead and muzzled in a public place. The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom prohibiting or restricting certain types of dogs and codifying the criminal offence of allowing a dog of any breed to be dangerously out of control. However, the problem of dangerous dogs will not be remedied by the “quick fix” of breed-specific laws—or, as they should truly be called, breed-discriminatory laws. According to DogBite.org, 2016 data estimates a total of 36 states have adopted breed specific legislation. The introduction of UK Breed Specific Legislation received support from the political & animal world. Figures also show that 550 dogs seized under section 1 of the DDA last year were eventually deemed safe and returned to their owners. The law on dangerous dogs refers to specific breeds of dog as ‘dangerous’. Breed Specific Legislation Is Tearing Families Apart. When Jo-Rosie moved house recently, she had a visit from the dog legislation officer with 30 minutes of letting them know she had moved. Montreal's ban, an example of breed-specific legislation (BSL), stems from common biases and misperceptions about pit bulls. What would you advise concerned dog owners do? As of Wednesday morning, more than 64 percent of voters had approved the measure. From a global perspective, of 196 countries, 43 nations worldwide have some form breed specific legislation on the books. "Hence why this is deemed by canine experts and scientists to be so illogical, as the shape of a dog’s eye has no influence on whether he can bite or not. He explains the mood of the country to us at the time of it's introduction. The Banning specific breeds has not decreased Dog Bite statistics. We already have laws in place that do that, which is Section 3 of the DDA. Under the current Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) a dog,of any breed or mixed breed,can be seized and subject to destruction based on how he/she 'looks',and/or by certain measurements deeming them to be 'of type' . In some areas, regulated breeds also include a variety of other dogs like American Bulldogs, Rottweilers, Mastiffs, Dalmatians, Chow Chows, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers or any mix of these breeds—and dogs who simply resemble these … Professor Cooper explains that sadly the introduction of breed specific legislation received support from both politicians and figures within the animal world. ", All things considered, Professor Cooper told us he feels changes to breed specific legislation in law is unlikely to be considered in 2017, but as a dog lover says we must not give up. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a type of law that prohibits or restricts particular breeds or types of dog. The turning point for BSL in the UK is unlikely in 2017, but we must not give up. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is a blanket term for laws than restricts or bans the ownership of certain breeds, most commonly “pitbull-type dogs,” thought to be dangerous. Mayor Michael Hancock has vetoed a proposal to end breed-specific legislation within Denver, Colorado, effectively killing a measure that would have allowed Pit Bulls within both the city and county. Owners must keep the local authority up to date with where they live at all times. The biggest change to the regulations is the reduction of the litter threshold for which a dog breeding licence is required. Under the DDA, if a dog's measurements are in line with their standard for "pit bull types", the dog can be seized without warrant and sentenced to death (a recent amendment stipulates the that the dog must also be proven … Death was mandatory. Experts agree that breed-specific legislation (BSL) and similar policies that restrict dogs based on appearance do not reduce dog bites in communities or enhance public safety.. The role of a police officer is not to tell an owner what to do, but to implement the law and to ensure owners understand their legal options. Blue Cross is a registered charity in England and Wales (224392) and in Scotland (SC040154). Help bring an end to unjust policies that demand certain dogs be taken and killed based on their breed. Section 1 of The Dangerous Dogs Act explained, Understanding how a ‘type’ dog can be identified, even if parents are known, The introduction of UK Breed Specific Legislation received support from the political & animal world. PPG holds that Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) such as this paints an unjust picture of certain breeds of dogs and punishes responsible dog guardians unnecessarily. 2. They discriminate against many types of dogs, but one of the primary victims is also one … This is nothing to do with breed but simply to do with looks. Aggression is a normal behaviour and can be shown by any dog of any breed, type or mixed breeding. "It is important to note the word 'type' as this means that any dog that fits most of the characteristics associated with one of the banned breeds can fall within this classification. Learn more about fighting BSL in our advocate toolkit. Breed Specific Legislation fails to achieve what Parliament intended, to protect the public. As a result, certain dog breeds are highlighted as being dangerous because of how they look, rather than act. After eleven horrific attacks in 1991, Home Secretary Kenneth Baker promised "to rid the country of the menace of these fighting dogs". WHAT IS BREED SPECIFIC LEGISLATION? Lennox, a Labrador/American Bulldog mix, was seized from the Barnes family under the U.K.'s "Dangerous Dogs Act" (DDA) and sentenced to death due simply to his physical measurements. Classing a dog as illegal based on looks alone means that half of the puppies in a litter of crossbreeds could be illegal types, when the other half of the litter is legal types. This is not in the public interest, both financially and legally.". We were told it would prevent dog attacks, but twenty-five years on, injuries caused to humans by dogs are at an all-time high and pet dogs are killed every month simply because of how they look…. Legislation which aims to protect the public by banning certain breeds, breed specific legislation (BSL), cannot be justified – the vast majority of behaviourists agree that breed is not the determining factor in dog attacks. Professor John Cooper tells us the focus is on the word 'type' and the interpretation of this. Such laws range from outright bans on the possession of these dogs, to restrictions and conditions on ownership, and often establishes a legal presumption that such dogs are dangerous or vicious. One such organisation is the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy, which establishes breeding advisory councils that issue guidelines for each breed of cat. And when you look at that part of a dog’s leg, you realise that there’s a lot of give, so when you’re putting a tape measure around it you can make it pretty much whatever you want it to be.”. If you are a dog owner concerned about breed specific legislation and The Dangerous Dogs Act, one of the best things you can do is arm yourself with knowledge and an understanding of the law. It allows seizure of other breeds, but the rules are not applied homogeneously by councils. We have had too many reports of people being told not to fight for their dogs through the legal system and to give them up. "Pit bulls were selectively bred for "gameness," the ability to finish a fight. However, she measured the measurements they use, he even said he did some several times to check, he could see how lovely she was. "In 1991, after a 6 year old suffered severe bites by a Pit Bull Terrier, the act was passed in a rush. "In 1987, an American pit bull terrier guarding a marijuana crop in California mauled and killed a 2 year old. And we're not alone. Our research, through FOIs (Freedom of Information research), show that in 2015 only 2 police forces were 'looking at' using it. However, we believe that breed-specific legislation ignores the most important factors that contribute to biting incidents – primarily anti-social behaviour by irresponsible dog owners who train their dogs to be aggressive or do not train their dogs adequately. This is called BSL, breed specific legislation. This is despite the fact that the majority of these dogs are gentle, loving, affectionate and friendly family dogs, and completely innocent of any wrong doing. These laws judge a dog based solely on their appearance and not their actual behavior. Most of the dogs that fall under this classification are 'pit bull types' and the reason it is so widespread is that any Mastiff or Bull Breed cross can end up within this classification, although we have seen many other breeds fall foul to this - one of Born Innocent’s Ambassadors is a Vizla!". Jo-Rosie says that this means court cases can be long and drawn out with arguments over tiny details: “I’ve been in court before where we’ve spent over an hour arguing over one measurement. "Think about how ridiculous that is; we’re basically saying the dog is dangerous if the circumference of one part of his leg is over 5.7 millimetres, and if it isn’t, then he’s not dangerous. Instead, UK legislation bases the decision on whether a dog is illegal on looks alone – a dog’s breed, a dog’s parents’ breeds, DNA testing and behaviour don’t come into it. "Some of the dogs that DLOs believe fit type do not, hence can go home to a normal life. In the UK, BSL bans the ownership of four different types of dogs traditionally bred for fighting: pit bull terrier, Japanese Tosa, Dogo Argentino and Fila Braziliero. "Also, we have been highly distressed by DEFRA disputing cases where the judicial system has granted an exemption. This includes 1052 United States cities, 38 counties, and 292 military bases which impose breed specific laws. The majority of public concern over the Dangerous Dogs Act has concentrated on the breed ban in Section 1, and there have been widespread calls for it to be repealed on animal welfare grounds. There is no longer a need to discriminate against certain breeds. Real life stories how Breed Specific Legislation has affected some dogs in the UK and what happens to them. "It is widely accepted that this is one of our worst pieces of legislations and very difficult to implement fairly due to all the possibilities of misinterpretation.". There is little evidence that breed-specific laws make communities safer, either for people or for dogs, and the bans are expensive and difficult to enforce, these groups say. But Archie is a soppy thing, and he’s used to it by now. Professor Cooper is the proud owner of a rescue Lurcher, named Lawrence and it's through his work that he met the team behind Born Innocent a year or so ago. Find out more about Born Innocent and get involved in their campaigns on Facebook or at www.borninnocent.co.uk, breed specific legislation due to its ineffectiveness. There is no standard set of measurements on which to benchmark the other three banned types; it is open to interpretation. It focuses on specific breeds, which fails to appreciate a dog is not aggressive purely on the basis of its breed. What should be done under the current law to save more innocent dogs? 22 We accordingly pressed our witnesses for their views on the ban’s effectiveness. "DEFRA’s guidelines state there are 32 measurements that dogs must conform to 'in the majority' to be classified as a type. Find out more about cookies. "Do not allow fear to hamper your enjoyment of your family pet, but be proactive in ensuring they have the best training and that the whole family, including children, know how to behave around dogs.". Please enable JavaScript in your web browser to get the best experience. Although BSL is enforced in the UK, statistics released by Born Innocent recently as part of their #Haveaheart campaign (see story here) show that the number of dog bites are on the rise. Discover (and save!) Sadly, many of those dogs would have been kept away from their owners in kennels for the duration of a costly court case, before being allowed to return home. On April 3, 2014, the Maryland House of Delegates gave final approval to breed neutral dog bite liability legislation that would abrogate the 2012 Court of Appeals ruling in Tracey v.Solesky, which imposed “breed”-specific liability on dog owners, custodians, and landlords.From the beginning, Maryland residents and lawmakers have been in agreement that the Tracey v. As part of an evaluation of Dutch breed specific legislation, data were collected from dog bite victims (1078) and dog owners (6139) using Internet surveys. So let’s get started, I gathered most of my information from the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (DDA) and the UK government site where the legislation is outlined in the section Controlling your dog in Public.Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) was introduced as part of The Dangerous Dogs Act (DDA) on the 12th of August 1991.. Ban because it was deemed ine ective [ 13 ] been highly distressed by DEFRA disputing where! 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