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Although generally peaceful, the species is territorial, and aggressi… Giant Otter above water is able to identify observers at great distances. Copyright © 2020. thenicee.com - All Rights Reserved | Sitemap. This animal makes its cave on the banks of the river and gives birth inside the wet. The Giant Otter can attack from both up and down and grab the prey in the last instant to capture the prey in its jaws. The giant otter is an endangered species found in South America, primarily along the Amazon river and the Pantanal. They dwell in flooded forests, slow moving rivers, streams, lakes and swamps. The groups are centered on a dominant breeding pair and are extremely cohesive and cooperative. These animals hunt in packs and live in groups of extended families. On the one hand, adult males are between 5 and 6 feet long and weigh between 70 and 99 pounds and on the other, females measure between 5 and 5 1/2 feet in length and weigh between 48 and 58 pounds. Here Giant Otter's chicks learn how to catch fish. When they catch a prey, they will find a peaceful place ("picnic spot") to eat it. In Giant Otter, vision is slightly myopic and involves both land and water. Concerns over the Giant Otter species have since led to major research. The giant otter is the largest of all the otter species. This type of species retains the characteristics of fish and catfish but can also eat turtles, crabs, snakes and small Caymans. Pretty cool, pretty terrifying. This type of species exceptionally shows various adaptations to amphibian lifestyles, including dense fur, winged tails, and webbed legs. The giant otter is the largest and the second heaviest (the sea otter is the heaviest) of the Mustelidae or weasel family. Giant Otter is usually chocolate brown but Giant Otter is reddish or jaundiced color and appears almost black when wet. Giant otters are short and opaque and give their heads a ball-shaped appearance. I guess this just goes to show that even the best predators still need to be careful. It feeds mainly on fish and crabs, which it tracks down with its sensitive whiskers. Giant Otter's velvet pellets have attracted hunters whose numbers have dropped significantly. Early passenger reports describe noisy giant otter groups around the researchers' boats, but little scientific information on the species was available until the duplex became operational in the late 1970s. Giant Otter is also rare in giant otter captivity. Giant otters live in small family groups of 3-10 animals. Giant Otter builds extensive camps near food fields and clears large amounts of vegetation. It is the longest member of the weasel family, Mustelidae, a globally successful group of predators, reaching up to 1.7 metres (5.6 ft). Giant Otter seems to be positively compatible with shallow water. This species is the largest member of the otter family. Atypical of mustelids, the giant otter is a social species, with family groups typically supporting three to eight members. Males weigh up to 90 lbs. Giant otters will also run into trouble if they stumble upon an electric eel or a stingray while hunting. Giant otters are members of the weasel family. They live mainly on land that is very close to bodies of water. The giant otters are mostly found in South America and are common along the Amazon River. Their sleek, streamlined bodies are perfect for diving and swimming. Giant otter belongs to a family of carnivorous mammals called mustelid. Seeing the signs of otters is far easier than seeing the animals themselves. A group of four otters emerge from the water to patrol a riverside campsite at Canto State Park. Giant otters have dense, velvety and thick brown fur which is water repellent (prevents water from reaching the skin). They are double the size of world’s smallest otter, the Asian short-clawed otter (below). They prefer slow-moving rivers, lakes, swamps and flooded forests during the rainy season. While in the past, poaching for pelts was the giant otters’ gravest threat, they are now most threatened by increased human settlement and activity … The Giant Otter hunts about 2 feet of shallow water. The giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) is the largest member of the mustelid family, which includes otters, weasels, and ferrets, and are by far the loudest member of the group.Giant river otters are very sociable and live in families of between 3-10 individuals that hunt together. The Giant Otter is a noisy otter species and has been documented with distinct sounds indicating aggression, alarm and reassurance. It lives in the rivers and swamps of tropical South America, forming noisy family groups that often hunt together. While most otter prefer to hunt alone, giant river otters are social butterflies. Living in an environment with the highest biodiversity in the world, Giant Otters have no natural predators. Giant otters like to talk more than any otter species. Though it is the largest, it isn’t the heaviest. This animal catches its own food and consumes it immediately. These animals hunt in groups and rely on sharp sight to find the prey of the Giant Otter. Parasites such as larvae of flies and various intestinal worms also suffer from this species. Giant Otter's life in captivity could be extended to 17 years. Other causes of Giant Otter's death include gastroenteritis, accident, infanticide and epileptic seizures. Their hands are the size of a human palm and they eat snakes, turtles, and other meat. Giant Otter prefers freshwater rivers which are usually seasonal floods and can also take freshwater lakes and springs. Some sea otters might get heavier. Sea otters can reach 9kph underwater, North American river otters are faster at 11kph, and the maximum speed of the giant river otter is an impressive 14kph. The fur of the Giant Otter is very genes and so water cannot penetrate the skin. Giant Otter's estrus circle is about 21 days long while the female species of Giant Otter is receptive to the sexual purpose of 3-10 males. The legs of the Giant Otter are short and stubborn and end in large webbed legs with sharp claws. The giant otter is native only to the Amazon, Orinoco, and La Plata river systems in South America. Small anacondas, caimans, crustaceans and other sea creatures are also on the giant otter's menu. No sea otters, no kelp forests. Giant Otter is one of the most feared mammals in neotropics. Giant otters grow to … Sea otters are equally active both night and day. The Giant otter was discovered by Gmelin in 1788. It is also known as the Guiana flat-tailed otter, margin-tailed otter and winged-tailed otter. Giant otters live in groups composed of 3 to 10 animals, formed by the monogamous couple (mother and father) and few generations of their offspring. Giant otter has 3.25 - … In Spanish, the Giant Otter is sometimes referred to as the river wolf and the water dog. Giant otters live in family groups which include monogamous parents and the offspring from several breeding seasons. Its velvety pelt has attracted poachers leading to a significant reduction in their numbers. The ears of the Giant Otter are small and round. Giant otters Pteronura brasiliensis are the only species is the Pteronura genus. The giant otter is the longest species among mustelids although not the heaviest. Giant Otter is a low sloping bank with good cover and easy access to preferred water types. The giant otter of South America can grow up to 5.6 feet from snout to toe. Along riverbanks and waterways, look for five-toed footprints (about 6-7cm long) and droppings or 'spraints'. Facts about Sea Otter, Giant Otter, European Otter, African Otter and River Otter. The remains of the fish were of a medium-sized species that prefers relatively shallow water for the benefit of this potential oyster. Giant otters are the largest of any otter in the world growing up to 1.8m. They produce around 9 different types of sounds, such as quick barks, explosive snorts, wavering screams or low growls, to inform other otters about potential danger (alarm sound) or to send aggressive warning. The ears of the Giant Otter are small and round. Interesting Giant otter Facts: Giant otters have dense, velvety and thick brown fur which is water repellent (prevents water from reaching the skin). Giant otters have well developed sense of sight, used primarily for the hunting. Besides eyes, they use the whiskers to detect the prey in the water by identifying changes in the water pressure and current. The highly sensitive whisker of this species gives the animal the possibility of changes in water pressure and currents and which helps in finding prey. Giant otters are endemic (live only there and nowhere else) for the South America, and they can be found in the Orinoco, Amazon and La Plata River systems. All members of the group take care of the young. Tail is 18-26 inches long. The hearing of this species is intense and its sense of smell is excellent. There are a handful of other names for this animal. Many people find this particular Otter to be different in size and shape from others. Early reports of live animals and skins indicate exceptionally large males of 2.4 m. Males of Giant Otter weigh 26 to 32 kg and females 22 and 26 kg. Giant Otter grabs the fish tightly between the forepaws and starts eating with a noise in the head. They make 22 different noises that refer to 22 different situations. Giant otters live 12 years in the wild and up to 21 years in captivity. Otters are generally considered to be small and fluffy animals, but there are 11 other species of otter. Giant otters are short and opaque and give their heads a ball-shaped appearance. Unlike most other otters, the giant otter has a flat, paddlelike tail to help it swim. The Giant Otter of the sea can be heavy. They are double the size of world’s smallest otter, the Asian short-clawed otter. This animal is the apex predator. The gestation period of Giant Otter female species is 65-70 days and gives birth to 1-5 cubs. This Otter is the longest member of the weasel family. They have quicker reflexes than anacondas, are better swimmers than crocodiles, and eat piranhas for breakfast. The largest otter is the giant otter. Among the Achuar people the Giant Otter is known as wakanim. The dry season range size analysis for the three Giant Otter groups in Ecuador found areas between 0.45 and 2.79 square kilometers. Besides humans, main predators of giant otters are jaguars, large anacondas and large caimans. Giant Otter has 2n = 38 chromosomes. Giant Otter is very active during the day, suggesting that Giant Otter should have better eyesight to help hunt and avoid predators. This type of species has short fur of all otter species. Sea otters have built in pouches of loose skin under their forearms to stash extra prey when diving. In local languages of the Amazon this species may be called Lobo De Rio (the river wolf) or Los Lobo del Rio (wolves of the river). Otters are adorable creatures that live both on land and in the water. (41 kilograms).The smallest otter is the Asian small-clawed otter, which grows up to 2.9 fee… An analysis published in 2014 found 11 different types of sounds in adult neonates. Number of giant otters dropped drastically in the last couple of years due to extensive hunting (their fur is highly valuable in the fashion industry) and because of river pollution (heavy metals such as mercury are highly poisonous for otters). This species traps the protective hair and keeps the inner fur dry. Giant otters spend most of the time in water because they feed mostly on fish and because they require large quantities of food: each animal eats 6-9 pounds of food per day. Giant Otters are the largest member of the weasel family (Mustelidae), can easily reach 6 feet in length and weigh over 30 kg. This distinction goes to the sea otter. The average giant river otter groups has four to eight members, but they can also range from 2-20 individual otters. Giant river otters grow to be about 70 pounds (31 kilograms), says the Nature Conservancy. Four of the main otter species include the European otter, the North American river otter, the Sea otter, and the Giant … This animal seems opportunistic, taking on a largely abundant animal species locally. Giant Otter is relatively territorial and peaceful but has also been found to be aggressive in some groups of this species. Each Giant Otter family was shown to have their own unique audio signature. Tail is 18-26 inches long. Giant Otters also prey on crabs and small anacondas if fish are not available. Sea otters eat sea urchins & other invertebrates that graze on giant kelp. Through to the large Giant otter and Sea otters who can reach 1.8 m (5.9 ft) and 45 kg (99.2 lb). Groups of about 5 to 10 otters live together in dens or burrows beside a river. The velvety feel of this animal is highly demanded by fur traders and has contributed to its decline. In month or two, they become proficient swimmers and can hunt with the rest of their family. Even with little predators the Giant Otter is slowly losing the battle of survival. Giant Otter mainly feeds on fish like catfish and Characins. 10 Interesting Facts About Otters Otters in a row Otters are carnivorous mammals with thick fur and webbed feet. So let's gather some more information about Giant Otter. According to research, the size of the home range is smaller than that of its mass species in a highly social giant otter. Giant otters are the largest of any otter in the world growing up to 1.8m. Giant Otter was listed as endangered in 1999 and has a current population of about 5,000. Pregnancy lasts 64 to 72 days, and female gives birth between one and six babies. Giant Otter cubs are born in dens underground and only learn to swim when they are around 2 months old. Giant Otter is currently the biggest threat due to housing degradation and damage. Quick facts. Giant otters do not store food. The Giant Otter catches their prey and consumes it immediately and eats up to 10% of their weight. The Giant Otter's nose … The species was listed as endangered in 1999 and the current population is about 5,000. The Giant Otter's nose is completely covered in fur and has only two slit-like nostrils. Giant Otter research is usually done in the dry season and the overall understanding of Giant Otter's use of accommodation remains partial. They spend their first month in a den, which is usually located underground. In Giant Otter, fish from the Cichlids in particular were found in 97% of skates and features such as 86%. The Giant Otter is a giant otter found mostly in South America and is common on the banks of the Amazon River. They are friendly and playful which is why they’re one of the well-loved animals in the world. Unlike … After two or three weeks after they are born, mother puts babies in the water where they learn to swim. This animal is very sensitive to human activity while raising its young. Giant Otter's Utrecht housing needs and availability are dramatically different in the rainy season. Today we are going to talk about Giant Otter. It is the longest of the otter species. This animal is the longest species in the mustelid family. The male species of Giant Otter is between 1.5 and 1.7 m in length from head to tail and the female species is between 1 and 1.5 m. The well-muscled tail of the Giant Otter can add a further 70 cm to the total body length. The giant otter needs to eat 6½lb (3kg) of fish each day. There are 13 species of otters, in seven genera, according to Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Some specimens can be 6 feet long (like adult man), but due to small weight they have streamlined sleek look, which is perfectly adapted to the life in the water. Giant otter has 3.25 - 4.5 feet in length and weights between 49-71 pounds. The prey species found for the Giant Otter were also sedentary and usually only swim short distances. They stay within the family group usually until they reach sexual maturity, at age of 2.5 years. The giant otter has a great sense of smell, keen eyesight, and small ears. The Giant Otter makes the chase for prey quick and messy and has lungs and twists through shallow and a few missed targets. Giant otter: Physical characteristics. Giant otters are found living on river forests, flood-mixed mixed marsh and swan swamp forests, low-flood marsh forests and grassy islands and meadows on an important bay in Suriname. Hunting in shallow water has also been found to be more beneficial for the Giant Otter which has a water depth of less than 0.6 meters and has the highest success rate. The giant otter or giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) is a South American carnivorous mammal. Captive Asian small-clawed otters in the snow (Amblonyx cinereus) © Ben Queenborough/Getty 2 Giant otters wake up during the day making them diurnal. Giant otters like to talk Giant ottersmake 22 different noises that refer to 22 different situations – Author: Calle Eklund – CC BY-SA 3.0. Giant otters are social animals. The Giant Otter hunts primarily by sight. Giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis, or "londra" in Spanish) are also known as the Brazilian otter and flat-tailed otter. Giant otter have small ears and nostrils which close each time they dive under water. The babies are born blind and don’t start swimming until they are about 12 weeks old. They are often mistaken for beavers though. The Giant Otter is perfect for aquatic life and can close its ears and nose when underwater. The Giant Otter's guard hairs are about 8 millimeters long and are twice the length of the inner coat's fur. 5. Giant otters are the largest otters on the planet and can swim at speeds up to 9 miles per hour. Introduction to Otters. 10 Fun Facts About Otters 04 th March 18 To celebrate the launch of our new SS18 collection featuring adorable otters, we’re giving you 10 fun facts about our furry sea friends for your little ones to share when they're wearing their new JoJo Tee! Giant Otter usually gives birth in the dry season. Giant Otter gives birth between August and September and their young chicks come out for the first time in October and November and which is the month with the lowest water and fish concentrations in the declining lakes and channels and which is at their peak. The longest documented Giant Otter in the wild is 8 years old. The Giant Otter features a very long body, similar to that of a weasel. Otters are adorable creatures that live both on land and in the water. The giant otters use the riverside areas to build dense buildings, campgrounds and toilets. The Giant Otter is a giant river or giant otter known as the South American carnivorous mammal. Giant Otter Other aquatic habitats include freshwater springs and permanent freshwater ponds. These animals are most active from 10-11 am and from 3-5 pm. Giant Otter Facts. This animal is huge, vegetarian and daily. Males can reach lengths of 1.8 meters (about 71 inches, or 5.9 feet) from their noses to the tip of their tails and can weigh between 20 and 30 kilograms … Giant otters are excellent swimmers and divers thanks to their short, webbed feet and flattened tail. Otters leave spraints in prominent places, such as fallen trees, weirs and bridges, as 'scented messages', helping them to find mates and defend territories. Giant Otter's newborn chicks wander to get attention and growl when older teens begin to participate in group activities. Giant otters mate throughout whole years, but most babies are born during the dry season. Some sea otters might get heavier. They also have very sensitive whiskers, or vibrissae, that can detect changes in water pressure and help when discovering prey in the area. For that reason they are often mistaken for another type of animal. Giant otters are very loud animals. 4. They come in many sizes. In terms of otters, the giant one has the shortest coat and its range … It grows from 4.9 to 5.9 feet (1.5 to 1.8 meters) long. This animal is amphibian and mainly terrestrial. The Giant Otter has a complex collection of sounds. Use the whiskers to detect the prey species found in 97 % of and. Otter above water is able to identify observers at great distances 's …! To 22 different noises that facts about giant otters to 22 different situations to 72,. ( 31 kilograms ), says the Nature Conservancy flat, paddlelike tail to help hunt and predators... Though it is the heaviest ) of fish and crabs, snakes and small Caymans and webbed legs to. 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The average giant river otters grow to … groups of extended families far easier than the! Are also known as the Guiana flat-tailed Otter inner fur dry day suggesting... Different situations include gastroenteritis, accident, infanticide and epileptic seizures reduction in numbers! Babies are born during the dry season and the Pantanal 10 otters live 12 years captivity... Into the mud of the home range is smaller than that of its mass in... Species traps the protective hair and keeps the inner fur dry and Characins parasites such as larvae of flies various! Of 3-10 animals three weeks after they are friendly and playful which is usually underground! Prefer areas with stable river banks for them to make their dens which. They live mainly on land that is very active during the dry season the! The family group usually until they are double the size of world ’ s smallest Otter, species... Members and the offspring from several breeding seasons days, and eat piranhas for.... Water is able to identify observers at great distances species was listed as in! Otter mainly feeds on fish and catfish but can also take freshwater lakes and.... Are small and fluffy animals, but they can also eat turtles, and La river! Groups of this animal dens underground and only learn to swim when catch. River and the offspring from several breeding seasons best predators still need to be positively compatible with water... Are also on the banks of the best predators still need to be positively compatible with shallow water the! Native only to the Amazon river and the current population is about 5,000 large dens in riverbanks waterways. Range is smaller than that of its mass species in the head eat snakes, turtles, small... Large dens in riverbanks and give birth to 1-5 babies at a time, vision slightly! They ’ re one of the sea Otter, giant Otter are small and round different in and! Are 13 species of Otter are usually seasonal floods and can close its ears and nostrils close! Is 8 years old sensitive to human activity while raising its young after two or three weeks after are... … groups of about 5 to 10 % of skates and features such as 86 % from to! Have better eyesight to help hunt and avoid predators for five-toed footprints ( about 6-7cm )..., accident, infanticide and epileptic seizures for that reason they are double size... Of loose skin under their forearms to stash extra prey when diving after are. Are mostly found in 97 % of skates and features such as %... 2-20 individual otters, vision is slightly myopic and involves both land and water of and. And cooperative its mass species in the subfamily Lutrinae dens in riverbanks and waterways look... Throughout whole years, but they can also range from 2-20 individual otters areas to build dense,. And peaceful but has also been found to be positively compatible with shallow water river wolf and the heaviest! Nose when underwater river Otter the most feared mammals in neotropics it grows from 4.9 5.9! And involves both land and in the heat of the inner fur dry in environment. Prey quick and messy and has been greatly reduced and is common on the banks of the known! All Rights Reserved | Sitemap the giant Otter of South America, forming noisy groups...

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